Author Archives: Sneha Kohli

About Sneha Kohli

I am a technology enthusiast and love to share my knowledge on Technology. If you like my articles, please like my Facebook page

Time for Web 3.0

Time for web 3.0In the ever changing world today, where nothing is constant “change” is the only thing that is constant. This we all might have heard several times. But how and where do we find these changes..?? Is this in our environment, nature, where we see the sun rises and sets at the it’s own time or is it in our daily routine..? It is rather toilsome to find answers to these questions but what is evident from this is that, we all need changes. And the changes which we can relate to our everyday life are always welcomed with open arms. Similar, is the change brought by Tim Berners-Lee, founder of the World Wide Web, in the form of “Web 3.0” .

With the time proceeding ahead there are diverse alterations in technology. Take the web for instance; it has dwelled from Web 1.0 to Web 2.0 i.e. from just an informative web to a more interactive one. Tim Berners-Lee, has come up with Web 3.0 which is also known as ‘semantic web’.

Tim Berners-Lee expressed his views on Web 3.0, as his dream to merge all the links, data and the interactions between the web and users through an intelligent search which even the computer can read and relate to. After this you might have got the rough idea about Web 3.0. In layman terms, you can say it is an intelligent interface between the computers and the web.

As in Web 2.0 ,we can socially interact with the web, which can be addressed as a duplex communication where there is two ways interactivity to read and write, but this interaction is understood only by humans . This is not going to be the case with Web 3.0. The machines are going to be endued with intelligence so that it can read the Web as much as we humans can and give us a more precise and accurate search results. These search results will be a combination of artificial intelligence and semantic web which all together will form a database which gives the admittance to both the machines and the web to incur the information postulated.

Web 3.0 will embark much more than just social networking, collaboration of various websites, use and create applications. It will commence the era of intelligent search with versatile web applications . This will wreak a new platform for open sourced data and software sources via the application programming interfaces (API’s). But, this will increase the security risk. Thus, for Web 3.0 to come into existence is going to take a longer duration of time may be more than it took to bring the Web into existence.

What is Web 2.0? Web 2.0 Characterstics

Web 2.0“Web” to all of us has become a mode to interact with people across the world. It means an interactive network formed by aggregation of various websites. The Web is made of interlinked nodes made of HTML documents and various protocols on the Internet like TCP/IP, routers, servers etc.

In 1999, it was said by Tim Berners-Lee “I have always imagined the information space as something to which everyone has immediate and intuitive access, and not just to browse but to create”. Also, in 1999 the name  ”WEB 2.0” came into existence by Darcy DiNucci, thru her article “Fragmented Future”.

Later on in 2004 , at the first “Web 2.0” conference Tim O’Reilly and John Battelle defined “Web 2.0” as “web as a platform”, where software applications can be built on the Web like we have applications on our PC. The uniqueness of this was that “customers are building business for you”. This can be more precisely explained by taking the example of social networking sites like Facebook, Orkut, Twitter etc. Customers visit the site, register, write their blogs, and make various other kinds of applications, which eventually benefit the proprietor. As rightly, averred by Bart Decrem, founder and former CEO of flock, Web 2.0 as “participatory web” and Web 1.0 as “source of information”. Web 2.0 is all about social networking and interactivity between the creator and the user. This can be made through the blogs, or sharing of pictures or videos or emails or wikis. With the success of Wikipedia, Web 2.0 also got another acclaim by countenancing the user to change the content on the webpage and publish it. Also, to know the history of actions taken place and also to unwrap the previous actions there are various options on the webpage.

Web 2.0 has wreaked various services like social networking that facilitates meeting various like minded people with whom you can interact and share pictures, videos etc. Also create your own blog and profiles, also various other kinds of applications. It has also initiated an aggregation service which includes information from various other sites collectively at one place that includes news from various sources, services and RSS feeds. These are nothing but data mash ups and recombination of it to a new source.

As also collaborative references like Wikipedia, is the best example of a collaboration success between the users and the creators, which is still growing and getting all the more enhanced and precise. Web 2.0 gives you various ideas and solutions to all your queries. It is the finest and most dependable source of information when needed the most. Whereas, if we take into account the educational benefits of it I’m sure you’ll run out of counts. We can now share various e-books, softwares, games, videos, etc download it as well as upload it for others to utilise it. Not only ,has Web 2.0 benefitted the customers , the creators have also gained quite a lot by getting paid the cost per number of clicks unlike previously where it was stationed on per webpage viewed.

As ,we have seen this technology bubble will not explode until it is fully crammed with more amended technologies , intelligent searches and more open to various other interfaces. Thus, in the future we can expect something more ameliorate than “Web 2.0”.

Famous wordpress widgets

favorite wordpress widgetsToday, we come across muckle of websites. Each one better and unique than the other, different in may be the creation, content or may be the design. So, one of the factors which has contributed to the web pages of these websites are “FAMOUS WORDPRESS WIDGETS”.

Widgets are the future generation plugins, which can be acquainted to any webpage without any alteration in the code unlike plugins. These widgets can be engrafted by any user who has the right of authorship like in case of blogs or social networking sites. This widget shared on any web page allows users to turn personal content into dynamic web applications. Like a yahoo or a facebook widget which allows accessing their website, it can also be sponsored by them. These wordpress widgets can work only with widget-enabled wordpress themes. WordPress gives you an option where widgets have to be coded only once but it can exist once or it can exist multiple times. These widgets also eradicate the indigence to visit each site repeatedly to retrieve common information. There are 5 famous wordpress widgets:

  • Featured content gallery.
  • Recent posts.
  • Recent comments.
  • RSS feedback.
  • Feedburner widget.

Featured content gallery: This widget avails you to beautifully enhance your blog by creating a gallery for your images which you post along with it. Not only this, it automatically rotates itself after few seconds. This widget can be placed anywhere on the page but is best preferred above your blog.

Recent posts: This widget enables to display the recent posts. These posts can be about any topic by the user who has the authority rights. Although there are many sites which offer freelancing and allow their visitors or registered users to add posts.

Recent comments: This widget helps the visitors to leave their opinion about the posts on the website. This also enables the author to reply back to these comments. This widget can be used effectively in a forum or a discussion, which helps to display the opinions of every visitant.

RSS feedback: This is a very unique and useful widget that helps you to keep the track of the site traffic, the advertising revenue, the number of views and reviews of the visitants. This also endows the user to create and manage a variety of new information from various sources offering various media formats like video, audio and text.
Feedburner widget: This is a simple widget that displays and customizes the statistics of the users. It also allows a simple opportunity for the visitors to subscribe.

Thus, widgets have replaced plugins in the wordpress themes and we can expect changes in the other themes as well in the future. As it is a simpler and easier way to classify content on the webpage and can more creatively be used by the designers.

Midori OS – Next generation operating system

windows midoriWe all have operated computers, worked on different operating systems like Windows, Linux, UNIX etc. But the more user friendly and often used is the Microsoft’s Windows. Since , Nov 1985 the time when windows was conceived till today it has just grown learning from all the former OS explicated.

In the recent era, Internet had become substantive than PC, more is the requirement to be updated and interactive with the outside world and get the overview of the recent scenario about the occurrences in the market rather than to make excel sheets on the PC. But till when will the invention of operating systems survive on windows…? Will there be any other platform available..? The answer to all these questions is YES.

On the platform of cloud computing and .NET Microsoft is working on presenting the second era in operating systems by designing a non-window based OS , “MIDORI”.

Microsoft has not openly given any details regarding Midori, but has surely accepted that it exists. Midori is expected to work on the footprints of cloud computing and singularity. A totally new concept ‘Singularity’ is based on high reliability and which will offer a new platform for Midori to boom. Singularity possesses three key components: the kernel, software isolated processes and channels.

The kernel is responsible for managing the memory, internal and external processes, scheduling. The kernel is written only 5% in the assembler or C, C++ and rest in any other language that contains #, like C#. These are then translated to Microsoft independent language (MSIL) which is processor independent instruction set of Microsoft Common Language Runtime (CLR) which is compiled in Microsoft research Bartok compiler. The languages with only #, are used as they offer more reliability from viruses, buffer overruns, exploitation by worms.

Software Isolated Processes have all the backup data and executing codes in case of any failure like a device driver or system process, this preventing the OS to come down. Two SIP’s cannot access the same object simultaneously and have different run time and different specified applications.

Channels are the way of communication between the SIP’s. These are bidirectional channels used for communication and provide more reliability.

Midori is supposed to work on hardware like ARM, x86 ,x64 . It is an attempt to make an contemporary OS which will configure with any type of hardware and will be available on the internet and work on virtual servers via cloud computing. These concepts will eliminate the dependency on the local hardware and applications for an OS. According to Brain Madden, a technology analyst we don’t need to natively install the OS on the PC. “Why do we need it? We have hypervisors everywhere” he said.

As cloud computing has introduced the service on demand concept, Internet centric OS do make sense. As this may help in over all connectivity of the systems and provide what all applications needed. As to eliminate the problems like application compatibility which are faced by the Vista users can also solved by this new OS by using Virtualization.
As we cannot say the time when MIDORI will be officially announced by Microsoft, but this will surely make an impact similar or more radiant than that when Windows was launched in 1985.

Google Goggles – My personal review

Google goggles personal reviewWelcome to the world of interactive search engines, as Google introduces its new synergistic search. We have all experienced using Google; it has a very simple and precise way of searching things via the words given by the user. So basically Google takes the keywords given by the user and link to all the various sites which has some substantial data related to it.

Thus, to take a step ahead in the field of visual search Google introduced its new product named as Google goggles. The name may sound humorous but its function is highly impressive. You just have to click a picture from the android phone, having the Google goggles application, and just Google goggles. It will give all the information related to that picture. For example, at the launch of Google goggles a picture of a bottle of wine was clicked by an android phone. When this picture was ran through Google goggles it showed that the bottle contains some apricots. You can use goggles to find various things like CD covers, bar codes, logos and labels. To read the text Google goggles uses optical character recognition for reading logos and labels.

Google goggles is an android application, which recognises the picture clicked and gives the search related to it as to what is there in that picture. Right now it recognises various pictures of different landmarks, books, places, contact info, labels and logos. It is working on recognising various other aspects like plants, fruits etc.
In layman language, internet means Google. To find any info you just have to know how and what to Google right. And if you don’t know what it is just click a picture and goggles will tell you all about it. This is the latest advancement in the arena of visual search. This application can be very useful in revealing out all the undercover secrets of the corruption happening and can be send on and can be known to each and everyone. This new creation will give advanced knowledge about different things from the educational aspects of the growing children. For that instance any individual, will be curious to know about the thing if he sees something new and knows absolutely nothing about it. This application on the broader scale can help us differentiate between the texture and looks of lookalike things which have totally different characteristics.

With the help of different technologies available today like image processing we can clearly notice even the minute details in the picture. Thus, with this we can conclude that Google goggles is a boon in the field of visual communication.

The Revolutionary change-IPTV (IPTV Training)

IPTV TRAININGAs the technology advances, access to internet advances, the entertainment industry has also become more technologically profound. Often the more amazing technology less likely it is to triumph, but surely it widens the scope for a whole new genre of creativity. The internet has become a great equalizer making geography and distance irrelevant and opening the world to collaborate in ways no one could have possibly imagined.

Coming to the latest advances of internet is the “Internet TV”. This is an entirely new television with a new idea rather than new infrastructure. The IPTV as it is referred to in general; it is more of a revolutionary change from what is existing today. It provides true personalization and two way interactivity. It empowers the user the freedom of choice and access to on demand content, just a click away. It variegate from the regular set of television box by different alternatives to choose from. It is more facile to build an IPTV connection than those which we have now in existence using cables, antennas, satellite discs etc.

The Internet TV can have the edge over the other conventional TV due to its interactivity and easy access. Anyone can reconcile their ideas and can innovate anything and just publish, that’s about it the world can now access that innovation anytime they want. It is an open platform, it has enormous implications if you think it through .To the layman, this service is just like a website which displays screens with pages designed in different mark up languages like HTML/JAVA etc which is stored on a web server that a web browser in a setup box requests and displays. Where it differs from is the richness of multimedia displayed and in CRM (customer resource management).This openness and interoperability makes the service transferable and can work on any platform. Like for instance you build up, that once published can be accessed by all the IPTV platforms simultaneously.

The data and content generated by the users is exponential in its popularity and is applicative in everyday life. And IPTV technology beautifies it by giving the full freedom to explore new things which no other TV can do. But where comes the comfort comes the afflict. To maintain the IPTV services you need broadcast rights which differ from country to country. To maintain the HD (high definition) quality of the multimedia high cost is needed and also the quality of the audio video varies with the internet speed the minimum speed required is 1500 kbps as HD is highly sensitive to bandwidth, high bandwidth is to be maintained. So the bet is to invest in LLU (local loop unbundling) via NTL which allows multiple telecommunication connections, rather than using IP(internet protocol) as their transmission media through coax cables. There are many technical hurdles but when we can use it for watching video on you tube, providing IPTV services wouldn’t be a tough job.

The IPTV is existing in the market but the usage is minimal. As also we can say that the infrastructure has not much potential in technology to use IPTV on a wider scale. But as it is said with time everything changes and so good and developing changes are expected in this field.